What Is Ventilatory Therapy?
Breathing is the set of processes which allow air to go in and out of our lungs, enabling us to assimilate oxygen from the atmosphere and expel carbon dioxide produced by cell metabolism. In order for this gas exchange to occur, it is important for enough air to reach the alveoli in the lungs, and the respiratory system and respiratory muscles must work properly.
In many illnesses affecting the respiratory, nervous system and muscles of the skeletal system, and as a result of serious injury, the ventilatory pump can become unable to support the respiratory system, resulting in Respiratory Failure.
Mechanical ventilation, or ventilatory therapy, is used to support breathing with the help of a device which assists respiration. It is used with patients who are unable to breathe spontaneously.
It is a valuable form of support treatment and can even prove vital. Ventilatory therapy can be administered during hospitalisation, but it can also be prescribed for patients at home when the respiratory failure is chronic.
Over the years, methods and techniques of artificial mechanical ventilation have been developed. The iron lungs of the past have now been replaced with cutting-edge positive pressure mechanical ventilators.